Sociometry is the foundation of psychodrama and sociodrama group work. It is measurement of social and personal relationships, applied to both micro and macro organizational structures. Through sociometry we study the formation, evolution and operations of groups, including those to which we belong.. The primary means of study is experiential, using spontaneous action methods to illuminate the ways in which we make choices.
By bringing to light the myriad networks of connections within a group or between groups, sociometry provides opportunities to act on this awareness, and modify and change relationships. Sociometry helps to identify those persons who are magnets for positive or negative identification, those who are the centers of psychological influence, and those who are isolated. This knowledge allows us to assess the strength, maturity and functioning of a group. It offers opportunities to strengthen positive relationships, lessen friction and increase group satisfaction.
Sociometry examines relationships through empirical investigations of tele, the invisible web of feelings that occur among people. This includes the webs of connection between individuals in group or among groups, whatever their size and purpose. At the basic level, tele can be positive, negative or neutral, but its manifestations are actually more complex. Developing awareness tele can help people make more informed choices to benefit their lives, and also to lessen fantasies or projections that distort or damage their relationships.